Every trader knows that there are market regimes that are favorable to their strategies, and other regimes that are not. Some regimes are obvious, like bull vs bear markets, calm vs choppy markets, etc. These regimes affect many strategies and portfolios (unless they are market-neutral or volatility-neutral portfolios) and are readily observable and identifiable (but perhaps not predictable). Other regimes are more subtle, and may only affect your specific strategy. Regimes may change every day, and they may not be observable. It is often not as simple as saying the market has two regimes, and we are currently in regime 2 instead of 1. For example, with respect to the profitability of your specific strategy, the market may have 5 different regimes. But it is not easy to specify exactly what those 5 regimes are, and which of the 5 we are in today, not to mention predicting which regime we will be in tomorrow. We won’t even know that there are exactly 5!